Flower calistegia (lat.Calystegia), or new, represents a genus of herbaceous lianas of the Bindweed family. The Latin name, a derivative of two Greek words meaning "cup" and "cover" in translation, calistegia received for large bracts. Popularly, this plant is also called bindweed and birch, and its double varieties are called the French rose. Liana Kalistegiya is native to East Asia: Japan and northern China.
In nature, about 25 species of calistegia are known, growing mainly in areas with a temperate climate in the Northern and Southern Hemisphere.
Planting and caring for calistegia
- Bloom: from June to September.
- Landing: planting parts of rhizomes in pots - in March, planting seedlings in open ground - in mid-May.
- Lighting: in the morning - the bright sun, in the afternoon - partial shade.
- The soil: loose, nutritious loamy, peaty or deciduous soils.
- Watering: moderate and only in drought.
- Top dressing: from May to September, 2 times a month with mineral fertilizer at the rate of 1 tablespoon per m² of land.
- Cropping: throughout the season as needed.
- Reproduction: only parts of the rhizome.
- Pests: slugs.
- Diseases: powdery mildew.
Read more about growing Kalistegiya below.
Kalistegia, or povoy, is a herbaceous perennial with a well-developed root system that can cover a large area: in the spring you can unexpectedly find new shoots of povoy at a distance of up to one and a half meters from the old curtain. But if you curb its roots by setting up a fence, then there will be much more benefit from it in the garden than harm.
The flexible vines of Kalistegia can be up to 4 meters long. Triangular, kidney-shaped or ovoid leaves with a heart-shaped base and wavy edges are arranged on long petioles along the entire shoot in a regular order. They are mostly bright green with an embossed pattern of veins. Single axillary simple or double flowers of pink or white color with a diameter of 2 to 9 cm also bloom along the entire vine. The fruit of the calistegia is a four-leafed box with seeds.
Most often, the new one is used to decorate gazebos, arches, partitions and decorate walls.
Planting calistegia in the garden
When to plant
Calistegia is propagated mainly by dividing the rhizome, and this is done in the spring. In March, the rhizome of the mother plant is freed from the ground and divided. Sections 5-7 cm in size are planted horizontally in peat pots or wide boxes filled with soil to a depth of 3-5 cm, after having previously processed the sections with crushed charcoal or ash. After planting, the soil in the containers is moistened. When the emerging seedlings reach a height of 5 cm, they are pinched to increase bushiness and slightly slow down growth. In mid-May, the seedlings are hardened before planting in the garden.
How to plant
Since a calistegia can live in one place for one or two decades, you need to be responsible when choosing a site for it. The new grows well where everything is illuminated by the sun in the morning, and in the afternoon partial shade: in such areas the plant blooms profusely and for a long time. When grown in shady places, the flowering of the povoy is much poorer, and it begins with a delay. The soil for calistegia should be loose and nutritious, and the composition is best loamy, peaty or deciduous. The plant does not tolerate the proximity of groundwater and stagnation of melt water in the spring.
The planting site is dug to the depth of a shovel bayonet since the fall, a complete mineral fertilizer is introduced into the soil at the rate of 2 tablespoons per 1 m², from 5 to 20 kg of humus, 2 glasses of ash and a glass of dolomite flour for the same unit of area.
After the traditional two-week hardening of seedlings, they are planted in the garden in the usual way, leaving a gap of 5 to 30 cm between them.After planting, so that the calistegia does not capture excess territory, the site is limited using pieces of slate, plastic or mesh tape 50 cm wide, which are dug in into the soil around the plant to a depth of 40 cm. In addition, it is advisable to immediately install supports for the calistegia.
Caring for calistegia in the garden
Calistegia can be considered an unpretentious, drought-resistant and winter-hardy plant. Caring for it comes down to moderate watering and superficial (to a depth of 2-3 cm) loosening the soil with a pitchfork. In a rainy season, you do not have to water a new one at all, but in a drought you cannot do without moistening the soil.
A fast-growing liana needs nutrients, so from May to September it is fed twice a month with a complex mineral fertilizer, spending one tablespoon per m² of planting.
During the entire growing season, calistegia has to be periodically cut off and wilted flowers removed from it.
Pests and diseases
The cultivation of calistegia can be accompanied by some problems, for example, disease or harmful insects. If you allowed the appearance of dampness in the roots of the plant, then the consequence of this may be the disease of calistegia with various rot and powdery mildew. In this case, you should stop watering and treat the plant with a solution of a fungicide, for example, Fitosporin-M. Sometimes the fire gets from the slugs, which feed on its juicy leaves and flowers. Against gastropods, the treatment of plants and soil with the Groza preparation is effective. In dry, prolonged heat, spider mites may appear on the liana, which must be disposed of as soon as possible with acaricidal preparations, for example, Aktellik or Aktaroy.
Calistegia after flowering
All types of poyas, except for fluffy calistegia, are winter-hardy enough, but if a harsh snowless winter is approaching, organize a reliable shelter for the plant from fallen dry leaves, peat or sphagnum, after cutting off all dry lashes so that they do not make you despondent in the spring.
As you can see, planting and caring for the calistegia is pretty straightforward.
Types and varieties
There are not so many cultivated types of calistegia. Here are the most common ones:
Fluffy Calystegia (Calystegia pubescens)
A common plant in China with shoots reaching 4 m. Its stems are covered with bright green, slightly elongated leathery leaves and double flowers with a diameter of 4 to 9 cm. The petals of the bell-shaped flowers of calistegia are fluffy pinkish-white with a dark base. The cultivation of terry calistegia is no different from the cultivation of varieties and species with simple flowers. The most popular variety of the species:
- calistegia flora captivity - new with arrow-shaped leaves, covered with delicate pubescence, and double pink flowers, reminiscent of pompons.
It comes from Altai and the Far East, where it grows in dry meadows, rocky slopes and bushes, like an ordinary weed. It is a densely haired perennial with a long cord-like rhizome and stems up to 80 cm long, on which are located oblong broad-lanceolate pointed leaves and simple pink flowers. In culture, the species has been since 1844;
Intake calystegia (Calystegia sepium)
Perennial, whose branches reach a length of 3 m. Its leaves are triangular or triangular-ovate with a sharp top, the flowers are single, simple, white or light pink. This is the very same malicious weed, which is difficult to get rid of, since it spreads through the garden at a cosmic speed;
Povy Japanese (Calystegia japonica)
Or new ivy (Calystegia hederifolia) - Terry kalistegia, forming lashes from one and a half to two and a half meters long, on which there are regular small leaves and double flowers of a light pink shade up to 9 cm in diameter.
Also popular is Calistegia Multiplex, a hybrid variety of kalistegiya hop is a plant with lashes up to 3.5 m long and with large (up to 10 cm in diameter) double pearl pink flowers, shimmering in the sun. This variety of calistegia, with its high decorativeness, can compete even with clematis.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Bindweed family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Information about Garden Plants
- Information on Perennial Plants
- Information about Herbaceous plants
- Information about Vines
Sections: Garden plants Perennials Herbaceous Flowering Weed Lianas Bindweed Plants on K Plants on P
Kalistegiya - photo, planting and caring for the "Siberian rose"
Calistegia. Povoy. Loach. Siberian rose and French rose - all this is the name of one lush-colored liana, which appeared in our country from Northern China. She settled first, of course, in the Far East, and then she began her march to the western regions of the country to meet with herself, but from the countries of Europe, where she was also brought from Japan at one time.
- Description of the plant
- Application of calistegia
- Ivy or japanese
- Landing in open ground
- Landing dates
- Location selection and lighting
- Soil preparation
- Landing rules
- Outdoor care
- Top dressing and fertilization
- Protection from pests and diseases
- Autumn care, shelter
- Calistegia in landscape design
Kalistegiya is unpretentious and does not require special care. Hardy and does not need special shelter measures. However, compliance with a number of simple rules will allow you to enjoy its beauty for a long time, create a unique design and at the same time not destroy other plantings in the garden or vegetable garden.
The basic rules are:
- the landing site should be chosen somewhat shaded... It will be optimal if the sun shines on Kalistegia in the morning, and in the daytime it will be in the shade. The plant is difficult to tolerate bright direct sunlight, but it is also difficult to tolerate constant shade. In the absence of light, the flowers will be faded, their number will be much less. In the sun, the flowers quickly fade and die off.
- Calistegia does not tolerate too moist soil, because of which fungal diseases can develop, as well as rot. Watering is required only on particularly dry days or if the vine is grown in a closed system. In this case, you should also be careful with water. Most of the moisture remains at the bottom of the container, since it has nowhere to go and the rhizomes can rot.
- it is recommended to feed Kalistegia with mineral fertilizers, including mullein. They are introduced into the soil before planting, and then 2-3 times a month during the flowering period.
- timely remove wilted flowers and damaged leaves... This will maintain a neat and well-groomed appearance. In addition, timely removal will eliminate seed formation and prevent the plant from multiplying uncontrollably throughout the site. Some species, notably Calystegia sepium and C. silvatica, are problem weeds that can oppress other more valuable plants by climbing.
- after the foliage has fallen, it is recommended to remove the stems by cutting them at the root. In winter, it is enough to cover with fallen leaves or sawdust. If necessary, in the spring, plant on seedlings by dividing the roots, you should dig them up, shake them off the ground and store in the basement.
Diseases and pests
Despite Pooya's resistance to adverse conditions, he can be exposed to various diseases, such as:
- powdery mildew
- fungal or rotting.
When the first signs appear, you should stop watering Calistegia and treat it with fungicides. In addition, some insect pests do not mind eating its juicy leaves and flowers:
- spider mites
They should be fought with special drugs developed for these purposes. There is a large selection of them in stores.